# How do you randomly choose a grey bar in picture to turn white?

조회 수: 1(최근 30일)
Eveline Kallenberg 2020년 1월 26일
댓글: Eveline Kallenberg 2020년 1월 29일
I have the task to randomly choose a bar to be the target in a stimulus experiment with grey bars. The code for the bars thus far is stated beneath. However, it turns none of the bars in white. In the end, I have to have two pictures: one with a black background and 16 grey bars and the other one with just one randomly chosen bar white.
Can somebody help me how to randomly choose one of the bars to become white?
picture=zeros(500,500);
picture(100,96:104)=100;
picture(200,96:104)=100;
picture(300,96:104)=100;
picture(400,96:104)=100;
picture(100,196:204)=100;
picture(200,196:204)=100;
picture(300,196:204)=100;
picture(400,196:204)=100;
picture(100,296:304)=100;
picture(200,296:304)=100;
picture(300,296:304)=100;
picture(400,296:304)=100;
picture(100,396:404)=100;
picture(200,396:404)=100;
picture(300,396:404)=100;
picture(400,396:404)=100;
% Saving as image
imwrite(picture,'stimulusimage.tiff','tiff')
% Replacing a random bar with colour white ????
x=picture==100;
y=length(x)==9; % =9 because I thought that when x has a length of 9 times 1 (1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1) that represents a grey bar
picture(y)=255;
% Saving as image
imwrite(picture,'stimulusimagewithwhitebar.tiff','tiff')

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### 채택된 답변

편집: Adam Danz 2020년 1월 27일
For grayscale images, imwrite() assumes that the dynamic range of the first input is [0,1] and automatically scales the data by 255 before writing it to the file as 8-bit values.
gray = 100/255;
picture=zeros(500,500);
picture(100,96:104)=gray;
picture(200,96:104)=gray;
% etc....
To randomly select a bar in the image and change its color to white, you can use bwlabel (requires Image Processing Toolbox) to identify the bar-groups, then randomly select one and change its value to 1.
% Group the picture values
bwl = bwlabel(picture > 0);
% Select a random segment
randSection = randi(max(bwl(:)),1,1);
% Set that bar to white
picture(bwl==randSection) = 1;
% Show image
imshow(picture) % or, in your case, imwrite(...)

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### 추가 답변(2개)

Stijn Haenen 2020년 1월 26일
This is most likely not the best way to do it but it works:
picture=zeros(50,50);
picture(10,10:12)=100;
picture(20,10:12)=100;
picture(30,10:12)=100;
picture(40,10:12)=100;
picture(10,20:22)=100;
picture(20,20:22)=100;
picture(30,20:22)=100;
picture(40,20:22)=100;
picture(10,30:32)=100;
picture(20,30:32)=100;
picture(30,30:32)=100;
picture(40,30:32)=100;
picture(10,30:32)=100;
picture(20,30:32)=100;
picture(30,30:32)=100;
picture(40,30:32)=100;
% Saving as image
%imwrite(picture,'stimulusimage.tiff','tiff')
% Replacing a random bar with colour white ????
imagesc(picture)
[x,y]=find(picture==100);
x0=datasample(x,1);
y0=datasample(y,1);
picture(x0-3:x0+3,y0-3:y0+3)=picture(x0-3:x0+3,y0-3:y0+3)*2.5;
figure()
imagesc(picture)
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Eveline Kallenberg 2020년 1월 29일
I ultimately did it this way, since I thought it had to be a little different.
picture=zeros(500,500);
x = [100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400];
y = [100 200 300 400 100 200 300 400 100 200 300 400 100 200 300 400];
for i = 1:16
picture(x(i),y(i)-4:y(i)+4)=100;
end
% Saving as image
imwrite(picture,'stimulusimage.tiff','tiff')
% Random bar turn white
randNumber = randi(16);
picture(x(randNumber),y(randNumber)-4:y(randNumber)+4)=255;
% Saving as image
imwrite(picture,'stimulusimagewithwhitebar.tiff','tiff')
% Random bar turn black
randNumber = randi(16);
picture(x(randNumber),y(randNumber)-4:y(randNumber)+4)=0;
% Saving as image
imwrite(picture,'stimulusimagewithblackbar.tiff','tiff')
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Eveline Kallenberg 2020년 1월 29일
You are actually very right now I look at it again. Thank you very much Adam!

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