Group Blocks into Subsystems
A Subsystem block is a block that contains a subset of a model. You can partition a large model by organizing its contents into Subsystem blocks.
You can have multiple subsystems in a model, and you can have subsystems inside of other subsystems.
By adding subsystems, you create a model hierarchy. Each subsystem you enter takes you one level deeper in the hierarchy.
To view the contents of a subsystem, double-click the Subsystem block. To exit the subsystem, below the left end of the Simulink® Toolbar, click the Back button . For more information on how to navigate the hierarchy of a model with subsystems, see Navigate Model Hierarchy.
You can specify whether a subsystem is evaluated as a single unit when the model runs. Subsystems that evaluate as a single unit are atomic subsystems.
You can also create conditionally executed subsystems that run only when an event occurs on a triggering, function-call, action, or enabling input (see Conditionally Executed Subsystems and Models).
Subsystems can be virtual or nonvirtual:
Virtual subsystems help visually organize a block diagram. While they play no active role in the simulation, they can affect the execution order of other blocks.
Nonvirtual subsystems play an active role in the simulation of a system. If you add or remove a nonvirtual subsystem, you change the model behavior.
A subsystem is virtual unless it is atomic or conditional.
For more information about subsystems, see Create Subsystems.
You can create a subsystem by converting part of an existing model into a subsystem, or by adding a Subsystem block to your model and populating it.
To connect a subsystem, see Connect Subsystems.
Convert Part of Model into Subsystem
To convert part of an existing model into a subsystem:
In the Simulink canvas, click and drag a selection box over the model elements that you want to include in the subsystem. An ellipsis appears next to the selection box.
Pause on the ellipsis. An action bar expands.
In the action bar, click Create Subsystem.
Create Empty Subsystem
To create an empty subsystem, add a Subsystem block to your model:
To open the Quick Insert menu, double-click the Simulink canvas.
In the search box, type
In the list that appears, select the Subsystem entry using your arrow keys.
Create Conditionally Executed Subsystem
To create a conditionally executed subsystem, add the block for the specific type of conditionally executed subsystem you want to implement to your model. The conditionally executed subsystem blocks are in the Simulink library.
You can create these types of conditionally executed subsystems:
For more information on conditionally executed subsystems, see Conditionally Executed Subsystems and Models.
Replace Subsystem with its Contents
To replace a Subsystem block with its contents, select the Subsystem block. Then, in the Simulink Toolstrip, on the Subsystem Block tab, in the Component section, click Expand.
The contents of the subsystem appear in an area labeled
Specify Whether a Subsystem Is Atomic
To make a subsystem atomic, select the Subsystem block in the canvas. Then, in the Simulink Toolstrip, on the Subsystem Block tab, click Make Atomic.
To make an atomic subsystem nonatomic, select the Subsystem block in the canvas. Then, in the toolstrip, on the Subsystem Block tab, click Atomic Subsystem.
Determine Whether Subsystem Is Virtual
To determine if a subsystem is virtual, use the
get_param function with the Boolean block parameter
For example, check whether the
Abs subsystem in the If-Then-Else Blocks example is a virtual subsystem:
To open the example, enter this command in the MATLAB® Command Window.
To check whether the
Abssubsystem is virtual, enter this command.
The command window returns this output:
Abssubsystem is not virtual because it is a conditionally executed subsystem.
Specify Subsystem Read/Write Permissions
You can specify these read/write permissions for a subsystem:
To specify the read/write permissions for a subsystem:
To open the Block Parameters dialog box, right-click the Subsystem block and select Block Parameters.
In the Block Parameters dialog box, on the Main tab, select the Read/Write permissions option you want.
Save Subsystem as Separate File
The contents of a Subsystem block are saved with the model. If you want to save the contents in a separate file, use a Subsystem Reference block instead. For more information, see Reference a Subsystem File in a Model.