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s2smm

Convert single-ended S-parameters to mixed-mode S-parameters

Syntax

[s_dd,s_dc,s_cd,s_cc] = s2smm(s_params_even,rfflag)
s_mm = s2smm(s_params_odd)

Description

[s_dd,s_dc,s_cd,s_cc] = s2smm(s_params_even,rfflag) converts single-ended S-parameters to mixed-mode form.

s_mm = s2smm(s_params_odd) converts single-ended odd S-parameters matrix to mixed-mode matrix. To create a mixed-mode matrix from s_params_odd, the single-ended input ports are paired sequentially (port1 with port 2, port 3 with port 4, etc.), and the last port is left single ended.

Input Arguments

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S-parameters, specified as a complex 2 N by 2 N by K array of K 2 N-port S-Parameters. These parameters describe a device with an even number of ports.

Port order, specified as 1, 2, 3, determines how the function orders the ports:

  • rfflag = 1s2smm Odd-numbered ports are followed by even-numbered ports: 1,3,5,…..,2N-4,2N-2,2N.

    • Ports 1 and 3 become mixed-mode pair 1.

    • Ports 5 and 7 become mixed-mode pair 2.

    • Ports 2 and 4 become mixed-mode pair 3.

    • Ports 6 and 8 become mixed-mode pair 4.

  • rfflag = 2 — Ports are paired in ascending or descending order: (1,2),…..,(2N-1,2N)

    • Ports 1 and 2 become mixed-mode pair 1.

    • Ports 3 and 4 become mixed-mode pair 2.

    • Ports 5 and 6 become mixed-mode pair 3.

    • Ports 7 and 8 become mixed-mode pair 4.

  • rfflag = 3 — Half of the ports are in ascending order and half of the ports are in descending order: 1,2,…..,N,2N,2N-1,….,N+1.

    • Ports 1 and 2 become mixed-mode pair 1.

    • Ports 3 and 4 become mixed-mode pair 2.

    • Ports 8 and 7 become mixed-mode pair 3.

    • Ports 6 and 5 become mixed-mode pair 4.

S-parameters, specified as a complex (2 N+1) by (2 N+1) by K array of K (2 N+1) port single-ended S-Parameters matrix. These parameters describe a device with an odd number of ports.

The port-ordering argument option is not available for (2N + 1)-by-(2N + 1)-by-K input arrays. In this case, the ports are always paired in ascending order, and the last port remains single-ended. For example, in a 7-port network:

  • Ports 1 and 2 become mixed-mode pair 1.

  • Ports 3 and 4 become mixed-mode pair 2.

  • Ports 5 and 6 become mixed-mode pair 3.

  • Ports 7 remains single ended.

Output Arguments

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Mixed-mode S-parameters, returned as complex N-by-N-by-K array, containing K matrices of differential-mode, 2N-port S-parameters (Sdd).

Mixed-mode S-parameters, returned as complex N-by-N-by-K array, containing K matrices of differential-mode, 2N-port S-parameters (Sdc).

Mixed-mode S-parameters, returned as complex N-by-N-by-K array, containing K matrices of differential-mode, 2N-port S-parameters (Scd).

Mixed-mode S-parameters, returned as complex N-by-N-by-K array, containing K matrices of differential-mode, 2N-port S-parameters (Scc).

Mixed-mode S-parameters, returned as complex N-by-N-by-K array, containing K matrices of differential-mode, 2N-port S-parameters (Smm).

Examples

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Convert 4-port S-parameters to 2-port, mixed-mode S-parameters.

ckt = read(rfckt.passive,'default.s4p'); 
s4p = ckt.NetworkData.Data; 
[s_dd,s_dc,s_cd,s_cc] = s2smm(s4p);
s_dd1=s_dd(1:5)
s_dd1 = 1×5 complex

  -0.0124 - 0.0433i  -0.5428 - 0.6900i  -0.5434 - 0.6872i  -0.0192 - 0.0504i  -0.0138 - 0.0274i

s_dc1=s_dc(1:5)
s_dc1 = 1×5 complex

   0.0024 - 0.0035i   0.0007 - 0.0012i  -0.0005 + 0.0019i   0.0023 - 0.0027i   0.0020 - 0.0033i

s_cc1=s_cc(1:5)
s_cc1 = 1×5 complex

   0.1799 - 0.1839i  -0.5314 - 0.6800i  -0.5300 - 0.6771i   0.1756 - 0.1910i   0.1045 - 0.2343i

s_cd=s_cd(1:5)
s_cd = 1×5 complex

   0.0015 - 0.0029i   0.0003 - 0.0009i  -0.0005 + 0.0014i   0.0019 - 0.0027i   0.0030 - 0.0019i

References

Granberg, T., Handbook of Digital Techniques for High-Speed Design.Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2004.

See Also

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Introduced in R2009a