Model a lithium cell using the Simscape™ language to implement the elements of an equivalent circuit model with two RC branches. For the defining equations and their validation, see T.
An ideal AC transformer plus full-wave bridge rectifier. It converts 120 volts AC to 12 volts DC. The transformer has a turns ratio of 14, stepping the supply down to 8.6 volts rms, i.e.
How the Simscape™ Foundation Library Asynchronous Sample & Hold block can be used to build components with more complex behaviors. The model implements a controllable PWM voltage source
Models a vapor-compression refrigeration cycle using two-phase fluid components. The compressor drives the R-134a refrigerant through a condenser, an expansion valve, and an
The usage of thermal blocks for developing a model of a long iron rod that is heated with a heat source through face A. Face B and the outer cylindrical surface are open to atmosphere and
Model a simple house heating system. The model contains a heater, thermostat, and a house structure with four parts: inside air, house walls, windows, and roof.
Two models of a double mass-spring-damper, one using Simulink® input/output blocks and one using Simscape™ physical networks.
Model a lead-acid battery cell using the Simscape™ language to implement the nonlinear equations of the equivalent circuit components. In this way, as opposed to modeling entirely in
This model is based on a Faulhaber Series 0615 DC-Micromotor. The parameters values are set to match the 1.5V variant of this motor. The model uses these parameters to verify
Model a basic engine cooling system using custom thermal liquid blocks. A fixed-displacement pump drives water through the cooling circuit. Heat from the engine is absorbed by the water
Model a lithium cell using the Simscape™ language to implement the elements of an equivalent circuit model with one RC branch. For the defining equations and their validation, see T. Huria,
Model shows how the Thermal Liquid foundation library can be used to model water hammer in a long pipe. After slowly establishing a steady flow within the pipe by opening a valve accordingly,
A model of a system that connects rotational and translational motion. A summing lever drives a load consisting of a mass, viscous friction, and a spring connected to its joint C. Joint B is
A solenoid with a spring return. The solenoid is modeled as an inductance whose value L depends on the plunger position x. The back emf for a time-varying inductance is given by:
How the thermal behavior of a brushless servomotor can be simulated using a lumped parameter model. Heat generated due to power losses in the stator iron stack, stator winding and rotor is
How the Foundation library can be used to model systems that span electrical, mechanical and hydraulic domains. In the model, a hydraulic system controls mechanical load position in
A mass attached to a spring and a viscous damper. The mass is driven by an ideal velocity source through a friction element. The motion profile of the source is selected in such a way that
The use of the Simscape™ Lever block in a linkage mechanism. Lever 1 and Lever 4 are first class levers with the fulcrum at the end. Lever 3 is a second class lever with the fulcrum in the middle.
How the Foundation Library gas components can be used to model a controlled pneumatic actuator. The Directional Valve is a masked subsystem created from Variable Local Restriction (G)
Model a transformer using fundamental magnetic library blocks. The transformer is rated 50W, 60 Hz, 120V/12V and assumed to have an efficiency of 94%, no-load magnetizing current of 1% and a
Two models of an RC circuit, one using Simulink® input/output blocks and one using Simscape™ physical networks.
This model shows the use of a small-signal equivalent transistor model to assess performance of a common-emitter amplifier. The 47K resistor is the bias resistor required to set nominal
A model of a shunt motor. In a shunt motor, the field and armature windings are connected in parallel. Equivalent circuit parameters are armature resistance Ra = 110 Ohms, field resistance Rf
A motor-driven power window system. A DC motor drives the power window mechanism via a self-locking worm gear with the ratio 1 : 50. The power window mechanism consists of a cable drum and four
A diesel engine equipped with a Jake Brake (R) or compression release engine brake. This type of brake is activated by the driver to slow the vehicle without relying on friction braking
A feeding mechanism of a sheet metal cutter. Two slitted rolls are driven by a torque motor through two mechanical drivetrains. Each drivetrain consists of a spur gear train, worm gear, and a
Two flexible aluminum shafts modeled using a lumped parameter approach. Both shafts consist of 20 segments containing inertias, damping, and stiff torsional springs. At the start of the
A testbed with interchangeable transmissions. The transmission models vary from classic four speed transmissions to modern seven, eight, nine, and ten speed configurations. The
This model shows two equivalent simplified vehicles modeled in Simscape™ Driveline™ and Simulink®. The simulation results are identical, and the Simscape Driveline model is easily
This model shows the effect of varying the number of cylinders in a piston engine. Four, six, and eight cylinder engines are included with firing offsets evenly distributed about their
The use of clutches to accelerate and decelerate a pair of shafts connected by a gearbox. The gear connects the output and intermediate shafts. The inertia for both of these shafts is included
A four-speed transmission with two planetary gears and five clutches. The test sequence steps through the four forward gear ratios, switches to neutral, and then applies a brake clutch to
Two inertias coupled by a simple gear controlled by a clutch. Initially, the clutch pressure is zero, and the inertias have zero velocity. A constant torque is applied to Inertia 1. Once the
A fixed helicopter transmission testbed. The gasoline engine provides power that is sent to the main and tail rotors through planetary gearsets. The main rotor shaft is considered rigid,
This model shows a manipulator controlling the orientation of an end effector through an unbalanced arm. The motor is represented as a torque source using simple proportional control. The
The basic architecture of a two mode hybrid transmission. It consists of three planetary gear sets and four clutches. This combination permits four fixed gear ratios plus two power-split
A simple gear coupling two inertias (shafts). The gear ratio between the follower (F) and base (B) is 2:1. Thus the angular velocity of the follower shaft is half the angular velocity of the
A vehicle with a five-speed automatic dual-clutch transmission. The transmission controller converts the pedal deflection into a demanded torque. This demanded torque is then passed to
The basic architecture of a parallel hybrid transmission. Electrical power is applied in parallel with the combustion engine power. The electrical torque is applied at the wheel axle, but
Model a gear with backlash using the Simple Gear in series with the Foundation Library Rotational Hard Stop. The backlash is set to 0.2 degrees, and the damping adjusted so that there are a few
A vehicle that has a four-speed manual transmission. The key elements of the transmission are four synchronizers. By engaging or disengaging these synchronizers and associated dog
A comparison between the behavior of an open differential and a Torsen limited slip differential. The Torsen differential is modeled using components from the Gears library in Simscape™
The basic architecture of a power-split hybrid transmission. The planetary gear, along with the motor and generator, acts like a variable ratio gear. In this test, the vehicle accelerates,
This model shows a test harness for a Ravigneaux 4-speed transmission. The subsystem uses the Ravigneaux Gear block and five friction clutches to implement four forward ratios plus
A test for measuring gear box efficiency. The input shaft is driven at a fixed speed and a variable torque is applied to the output shaft. Power is measured on both the input and output shafts,
A winch driven by a DC motor and controlled with a double-shoe brake. The motor is connected to a 24 volt supply, and the shaft speed is stepped down with a 10:1 gear reduction. The pulled load is
Phasor simulation of a 9-MW wind farm using Induction Generators (IG) driven by variable-pitch wind turbines.
A detailed model of a 100-kW array connected to a 25-kV grid via a DC-DC boost converter and a three-phase three-level VSC.
The measurement distortion due to saturation of a current transformer (CT).
The simulation of an H-bridge used to generate a chopped voltage and to control the speed of a DC motor.
An average model of a 100-kW array connected to a 25-kV grid via a DC-DC boost converter and a three-phase three-level VSC.
The Machine Load Flow tool of Powergui block to initialize an induction motor/diesel-generator system.
A current-controlled 60-kW 6/4 SRM drive using the SRM specific model based on measured magnetization curves. 8/6 and 10/8 preset models are also presented with same control strategy.
Energy management systems for a fuel cell hybrid electric source.
The operation of two models of on load tap changer (OLTC) regulating transformer.
A model of a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) which can be utilized in Specialized Power Systems.
An aircraft electrical power generation and distribution system. The AC power frequency is variable and depends of the engine speed
The operation of a typical transformerless photovoltaic (PV) residential system connected to the electrical utility grid.
Phasor simulation of a 9 MW wind farm using Doubly-Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) driven by a wind turbine.
Use functions which analyze Simscape™ logging data to get harmonic magnitudes, calculate total harmonic distortion percentage and plot harmonic magnitudes. The model to which this
The use of the Three-Phase Transformer Inductance Matrix Type block to model a three-phase core-type saturable transformer. It also shows that using three single-phase transformers to
A detailed model of a 250-kW PV array connected to a 25-kV grid via a three-phase converter.
The operation of the multilevel multiphase SVPWM and two-level multiphase SVPWM.
The asynchronous machine in an open-loop speed control on a 3 HP 220 V industrial motor.
The behavior of a simplified model of a small-scale micro grid during 24 hours on a typical day. The model uses Phasor solution provided by Specialized Power Systems in order to accelerate
A water supply system consisting of three pumping stations located at 45, 25, and 30 m with respect to to the reference plane, respectively. All three stations are expected to pump water in a
A classical problem of fluid transportation: to determine flow rates, pressures, and fluid volumes in a system built of three constant head tanks. The tanks are located at different
An actuator that drives a machine tool working unit performing a sequence of three technological operations: coarse drilling, fine drilling, and reaming. The actuator speed is controlled
A well jet pump installation. The well jet pump installation presented in this example consists of a surface-mounted centrifugal pump and a jet pump installed in the well below the surface of
A pressure-compensated 3-way flow control valve. This valve maintains constant flow rate through the main hydraulic motor, which is connected to the pressure-compensated outlet of the
A test rig used to investigate the water hammer effect, which occurs when a variable orifice is abruptly shut off with full flow rate flowing through the branch. The water hammer behavior of
A hydrostatic transmission with a shuttle valve in the control unit. The 4-way directional valve that controls the motor is actuated by a valve actuator whose input is controlled by two
A transmission built of a variable-displacement pump, and a fixed-displacement hydraulic motor. Pipelines between the source and motor are connected by two replenishing valves (check
A closed-circuit hydraulic actuator driven by a variable-speed motor. The actuator is arranged as a closed system with two replenishment valves (check valves) and a spring accumulator
The actuator consists of a proportional 4-way directional valve driving a double-acting hydraulic cylinder. The cylinder drives a load consisting of a mass, viscous and Coulomb friction,
A simplified version of a power-assisted steering mechanism. The hydraulic actuation system includes a double-acting hydraulic cylinder, 4-way valve, fixed-displacement pump, and a
A use of a double-acting valve actuator. All three actuators are driven by the same pulse signals. A pulse is first applied to port A and after 1.5 s delay a pulse is applied to port B. Actuator A is
A custom hydraulic cylinder model that omits the effect of fluid compressibility in the cylinder chambers. The double-acting cylinder connected to a 4-way valve to model a simple
A closed-loop actuator that consists of a proportional 4-way directional valve driving a double-acting hydraulic cylinder. The cylinder drives a load consisting of a mass, viscous and
The fuel supply system represented in the example consists of three tanks and an engine. The engine is fed from the central tank, while fuel from the left wing tank and the right wing tank is
A test circuit built to check the characteristics of a pressure compensator. A pressure source is connected to two flow paths, each with a fixed orifice and a variable orifice that acts as a
An in-line multi-element diesel injection system. It contains a cam shaft, lift pump, 4 in-line injector pumps, and 4 injectors.
A sequence circuit that is based on four check valves installed in both pressure and return lines of the second rotary actuator. The cracking pressure of all the valves is set higher than any
A single-acting hydraulic cylinder controlled by an 3-way directional valve. It drives a load consisting of a mass, viscous friction, and preloaded spring. The pump unit is assumed to be
The use of a 3-way valve to control the motion of a hydraulic differential cylinder. The valve connects cylinder port B either to tank or to cylinder chamber A through the fixed orifice. The
The use of a double-acting hydraulic cylinder. The clamping structure is simulated with the spring and damper installed between the cylinder case and the reference. The cylinder performs
A testrig for a spring-loaded accumulator. The accumulator is charged by the pressure source while the orifice is closed, held at its charged pressure by the check valve, and discharged as
An injection molding actuation system. The model contains a set of cartridge valves that control pumps, motors, and cylinders to execute the steps of an injection molding process.
Model an inverted double pendulum mounted on a sliding cart using Simscape™ Multibody™. It also illustrates the use of a controller to balance the pendulum in the upright position. Make any
Highlights key concepts and recommended steps for building a mechanical model using Simscape™ Multibody™. A simple design problem has been chosen to serve this purpose. The following
Illustrates a double wishbone front wheel automotive suspension. The suspension is mounted on two platforms that can independently move up and down to simulate a road profile on each wheel.
Models a 3-Roll robotic wrist mechanism based on the Cincinnati-Milacron 3-roll wrist mechanism. The mechanism uses three bevel gear pairs to rotate the tool about 3 independent axes. The
Interesting wave patterns that emerge among an array of simple pendulums with carefully chosen lengths. It is based on the physical system that can be viewed at
This model illustrates the CAD import workflow in Simscape™ Multibody™. 1. Export CAD model into a Simscape Multibody Import XML (stewart_platform.xml). 2. Import the Simscape Multibody
Illustrates the use of motion actuation to determine the actuator torques needed for the robot to achieve a given welding task. The system consists of a seven degree of freedom robot carrying
This model shows a wing landing gear mechanism that can deploy and retract based on the input deploy signal. The mechanism consists of the main column that houses the wheel assembly and the
Import geometry and inertia data using STEP files. The STEP file is a standard format used commonly for data exchange between CAD applications. The format can capture a parts complete
This model shows a Stewart platform manipulator that can track a parameterized reference trajectory. The shape, size, and kinematics of the manipulator are highly configurable.
A hydraulically actuated backhoe model with closed-loop PID control. The mechanism consists of a fixed vehicle model with a base mounting bracket. The bracket allows the backhoe arm to
Has been imported from a CAD assembly designed in SolidWorks® using the smimport command. The XML file "fourbar.xml" and the STL files obtained during export of the CAD assembly have been
The Cardan Gear mechanism that converts rotational motion into reciprocating linear motion without using linkages or slideways. The mechanism uses three gears - one sun and two planet
A windshield wiper mechanism. The mechanism utilizes a rack and pinion to drive the wiper blades in a synchronized fashion. The rack is actuated using a scotch yoke coupling (modeled using a
Assemble instances of a modularly designed link into a four bar mechanism (crank-rocker type). The Crank and Rocker Links are copies of the same link, with different length, density and
The first step in modeling a rigid body. This model is a simple body (brick) with a frame at each of two ends and a reference frame at the center of mass. The inertia for the body is specified as
A fairground carousel ride. A torque applied to the wheel causes the carousel to rotate and a hydraulic actuator provides the force to lift the arm. The cabs are free to rotate about an axis
A moderately complex mechanical link with a frame at each end and a reference frame at the center. The link has a hole at one end and a peg at the other end. The link is a composite of three simple
This model simulates a five cylinder radial engine. The pressure dynamics inside the cylinders are modelled using the Simscape™ Gas library. The 3D mechanical components are modelled
Assemble instances of a modularly designed link into a double pendulum. The Upper and Lower Links are copies of the same link, with different length, density and color parameters. The links