MATLAB Examples

# Sharpening using Newton's method

Section 7.1 from Numerically solving polynomial systems with Bertini, by Daniel J. Bates, Jonathan D. Haunstein, and Andrew J. Sommese and Charles W. Wampler (SIAM 2013).

Sharpen the solutions to the system

$x^2+(y-1)^2=1, \quad y=2x^2,$

which is the intersection of a circle and a parabola.

config = struct('SharpenDigits',20); polysyms x y circle = x^2 + (y-1)^2 - 1; parabola = y-2*x^2; circle_parabola_intersection = BertiniLab('function_def',[circle; parabola], 'variable_group',[x y], ... 'config',config); circle_parabola_intersection = solve(circle_parabola_intersection); 

This has two nonsingular solutions $(\pm \sqrt{3}/2, 3/2)$:

sols = circle_parabola_intersection.match_solutions('nonsingular_solutions'); xsols = double(sols.x); ysols = double(sols.y); fprintf('%12s %34s\n','x','y') fprintf('%24.20g %24.20g\n',real([xsols ysols]).') 
 x y 0.86602540378443859659 1.5 -0.86602540378443859659 1.5 

It also has the singular solution $(0,0)$, a double root:

sols = circle_parabola_intersection.match_solutions('singular_solutions'); xsols = double(sols.x); ysols = double(sols.y); fprintf('%12s %34s\n','x','y') fprintf('%24.20f %24.20f\n',real([xsols ysols]).') 
 x y -0.00000000000000009444 -0.00000000000000000000 0.00000000000000322563 -0.00000000000000000000 

Only the nonsingular solutions were successfully sharpened:

s = circle_parabola_intersection.solve_summary; istart = strfind(s,'Paths Tracked'); disp(s(istart:end)) 
Paths Tracked: 4 Number that failed to sharpen: 2 Singular endpoints: 2 Please see the paths marked with '&' in 'main_data' for more information about their accuracy.