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# complex

Create complex array

## Syntax

• `z = complex(a,b)` example
• `z = complex(x)` example

## Description

example

````z = complex(a,b)` creates a complex output, `z`, from two real inputs, such that `z = a + bi`.The `complex` function provides a useful substitute for expressions, such as `a + 1i*b` or ```a + 1j*b```, when`a` and `b` are not `double` or `single` `b` is all zeros ```

example

````z = complex(x)` returns the complex equivalent of `x`, such that `isreal(z)` returns logical `0` (`false`).If `x` is real, then `z` is ```x + 0i```.If `x` is complex, then `z` is identical to `x`.```

## Examples

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### Complex Scalar from Two Real Scalars

Use the `complex` function to create the complex scalar, `3 + 4i`.

`z = complex(3,4)`
```z = 3.0000 + 4.0000i```

### Complex Vector from Two Complex Vectors

Create a complex `uint8` vector from two real `uint8` vectors.

```a = uint8([1;2;3;4]); b = uint8([2;2;7;7]); z = complex(a,b)```
```z = 1 + 2i 2 + 2i 3 + 7i 4 + 7i```

The size of `z`, 4-by-1, is the same as the size of the input arguments.

### Complex Scalar from One Real Scalar

Create a complex scalar with zero imaginary part.

`z = complex(12)`
```z = 12.0000 + 0.0000i```

Verify that `z` is complex.

`isreal(z)`
```ans = 0```

## Input Arguments

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### `a` — Real componentscalar | vector | matrix | multidimensional array

Real component, specified as a scalar, vector, matrix, or multidimensional array.

The size of `a` must match the size of `b`, unless one is a scalar. If either `a` or `b` is a scalar, MATLAB® expands the scalar to match the size of the other input.

`a` and `b` must be the same data type with the following exceptions:

• `single` can combine with `double`.

• scalar `double` can combine with an integer data type.

Data Types: `single` | `double` | `int8` | `int16` | `int32` | `int64` | `uint8` | `uint16` | `uint32` | `uint64`

### `b` — Imaginary componentscalar | vector | matrix | multidimensional array

Imaginary component, specified as a scalar, vector, matrix, or multidimensional array.

The size of `b` must match the size of `a`, unless one is a scalar. If either `a` or `b` is a scalar, MATLAB expands the scalar to match the size of the other input.

`a` and `b` must be the same data type with the following exceptions:

• `single` can combine with `double`.

• scalar `double` can combine with an integer data type.

Data Types: `single` | `double` | `int8` | `int16` | `int32` | `int64` | `uint8` | `uint16` | `uint32` | `uint64`

### `x` — Input arrayscalar | vector | matrix | multidimensional array

Input array, specified as a scalar, vector, matrix, or multidimensional array.

Data Types: `single` | `double` | `int8` | `int16` | `int32` | `int64` | `uint8` | `uint16` | `uint32` | `uint64`
Complex Number Support: Yes

## Output Arguments

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### `z` — Complex arrayscalar | vector | matrix | multidimensional array

Complex array, returned as a scalar, vector, matrix, or multidimensional array.

The size of `z` is the same as the input arguments.

The following describes the data type of `z`, when `a` and `b` have different data types.

• If either `a` or `b` is `single`, then `z` is `single`.

• If either `a` or `b` is an integer data type, then `z` is the same integer data type.

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### Tips

• If `b` contains only zeros, then `z` is complex and the value of all its imaginary components is `0`. In contrast, the addition `a + 0i` returns a strictly real result.

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